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Turkey 

TURKEY In Brief

Oficial Name The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)
Founder Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK ( 1881-1938 )
Location Eastern Mediterranean. Located on two continents: Europe and Asia. The European part of Turkey is called Thrace, while the Asian part is called Anatolia (or Asia Minor)
Area 814 578 square kilometers (314 500 square miles)
% 3 on the European continent
% 97 on the Asian continent
Capital ANKARA
Population 67.8 million (as of 2002)
Literacy Rate 1935 % 19.25
2001 % 86.60
Major Cities
(as of 2002)

Istanbul 10 million
Ankara 4 million
Izmir 3.4 million
Bursa 2.1 million
Konya 2.2 million
Adana 1.8 million
Language Turkish (uses Latin Alphabet)
Currency New Turkish Lira(YTL)
Religion % 99 of the population is Muslim. Turkey is the only country among Islamic countries, which has included secularism in its constitution and guarantees complete freedom of worship to non-muslims.
Flag Red background with a white crescent and star in the middle.
National Anthem "Istiklal Marsi" (Independence March)
Lyrics by: Mehmet Akif Ersoy
Adopted as Turkey's National Anthem on March 12, 1921
Government Turkey is democratic, secular and social state governed by the rule of law; committed to the nationalism of Atatürk and based on the principle of the separation of powers;
Legislative power: The Turkish Grand National Assembly
Executive power: President and the Council of Ministers
Judicial power: Independent courts and supreme judiciary organs
Education System -Primary Education: Eight years; includes the education of children in the 6-14 age-group. Compulsory for all male and female citizens.
-Secondary Education: Consists of general and vocational-technical high schools that offer at least three years of education.
-Higher Education: Includes all educational institutions where an educational programe of at least two years over and above secondary education is implemented. These educate students at associate's, bachelor's, master's or doctorate degree levels.
Primary and secondary education is free of charge in public schools. Higher education institutions, however, charge a certain minimal tuition fee.
Coastline 8333 Km. (5000 miles)
Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, by the Black Sea in the North, the Mediteranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west. In the northwest there is also an important internal sea, the Sea of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus.
Geographical Regions Turkey has 81 administrative provinces and seven geographical regions. The first four of the seven regions are given the names of the seas which are adjacent to them.
- Black Sea Region
- Marmara Region
- Aegean Region
- Mediterranean Region
The other three regions are named in accordance with their location in the whole of Anatolia.
- Central Anatolia Region
- Eastern Anatolia Region
- Southeastern Anatolia Region
Famous Landmarks In Istanbul: Ayasofya, Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Dolmabahçe Palace, Kariye Museum.
Elsewhere in Turkey: Ancient City of Troy, Ephesus, Aphrodisias, Pergamon, Pamukkale, Göreme-Cappadocia, Mt.Nemrut, Safranbolu, Mevlevi Convent and Museum, Halil Rahman Mosque in Sanli Urfa.
Istanbul, Safranbolu, Bogazköy-Hattushash, Mt. Nemrut Remains, Xanthos-Lethoon, Divrigi Great Mosque and Hospital, Troy, Pamukkale and Göreme-Cappadocia are registered on the World Heritage List to help preserve them for future generations.
Composition of GNP
(as of 2001)
Agriculture: 12.9 %
Industry : 25.3 %
Services : 61.8 %
Some Important Products As of 2000, Turkey has the first place in the world in terms of hard-shell nuts, fig and apricot production, fourth in fresh vegetables, grape and tobacco production and seventh in wheat and cotton production. Turkish delight and helva are famous throughout the world.
Turkey is among the leading countries in the world in textiles and ready to wear clothing production. The exports of this sector constitute 37 percent of total industrial exports. The leather processing industry is also very developed in Turkey both in terms of technological level and high production capacity and comes after textiles in terms of export figures.
High-quality handmade Turkish carpets are also one of the main export items of Turkey. The most famous and finest pure silk carpets of the world are produced in the small town of Hereke, 60 km east of Istanbul.
Turkey is Europe's third largest ceramic producer.

OTHER USEFUL INFORMATION

Time Local time is equal to GMT + 2 hours. Same time zone all over the country(seven hours ahead of U.S. -eastern standard time-)
Electtricity 220 volts a.c. all over Turkey
Weights and Measures Metric and Kilo system
Web sites for more informations www.mfa.gov.tr (Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
www.turizm.gov.tr ( Turkish Ministry of Tourism)
www.kultur.gov.tr (Turkish Ministry of Culture)

INTERNATIONAL MEMBER ORGANIZATIONS IN TURKEY

European Union Representative(EU) Ugur Mumcu Caddesi No : 88 Kat : 4, Gaziosmanpasa, Phone : (312) 437 68 40-43, Fax : (312) 437 79 40
United Nations(UN) Ataturk Bulvari No : 197 Kavaklidere, Phone : (312) 426 54 85-89, Fax : (312) 426 13 72
Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) Ataturk Bulvari No:197 Kavaklidere, Phone : (312) 426 54 85, Fax : (312) 427 48 52
UN High Commissioner For Refugees (UNHCR) Abidin Daver Sok. No : 17, Cankaya, Phone : (312) 439 66 15-18, Fax : (312) 438 27 02
UNICEF-Children's Organization Iran Caddesi No:35, Gaziosmanpasa, Phone : (312) 427 86 03 - 427 85 61-64
International Labor Organization (ILO) Ataturk Bulvari No : 197, Kavaklidere, Phone : (312) 428 51 83 - 428 70 76, Fax : (312) 427 38 16
World Health Organization (WHO) Ataturk Bul. No : 197, Kavaklidere, Phone : (312) 428 40 31, Fax : (312) 457 70 28
Statistical, Economic, Social and Education Fund For Islamic Countries Attar Sok, No : 4, Gaziosmanpasa, Phone : (312) 468 61 72-74, Fax : (312) 467 34 58
World Bank Ataturk Bul. No : 211, Kat : 6, Kavaklidere, Phone : (312) 468 45 27-30, Fax : (312) 468 45 26

FRONTIER FORMALITIES

PASSPORTS AND VISAS

Nationals of the following countries can enter Turkey with a valid passport; a visa is required:

1. Up to 3 Months
Germany, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, United Arab Emirates, Denmark, Morocco, Fiji, Finland, France, Granada, Iran, Switzerland, Iceland, Jamaica, Japan, Canada, Qatar, Kenya, Kuwait, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,

Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Monaco, Norway, Oman, St. Lucia, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Chile, Trinidad, Tobago, Tunisia, Vatican City, New Zealand, Greece, Ecuador, Sweden, Israel, South Korea, Uruguay.

2. Up to 2 Months
The Republic of Croatia, The Republic of Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Rumania, Macedonia, Indonesia.

3. Up to 1 Month
Bolivia, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, The Republic of South Africa.

2. For the countries mentioned above and Bulgaria, a transit visa is not required.

3. Nationals of the following countries require a visa:

1. U.S.A., Austria, United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Holland, and Portugal can obtain a sticker visa at border gates (Up to 3 Months).

2. Azerbaijan, White Russia, Armenia, Moldavia, Uzbekistan, Russia, Tadzhikistan Ukraine, Hungary, Poland, The Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Georgia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Taiwan can obtain a sticker visa at border gates (Up to 1 Month).

3. Nationals of Guatemala can obtain a visa for up to 15 days at border gates.

4. Nationals of Jordan, up to 30 days.

5. Nationals of all other countries require a visa, which can be obtained from the nearest Turkish embassy or consulate. Note: Citizens of Germany, Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Spain, Italy, Malta, Switzerland, and Greece may enter Turkey with the proper identity cards in lieu of a passport.

 
Turkey
   
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